HERE IT IS
A BUDDY ROAD TRIP MOVIE STARRING LINCOLN AND HIS CABINET
"Moreover, popular narratives about the end of [legally sanctioned black, U.S slavery] erase[s] the agency of black people themselves.
And, I suppose we can say that if Lincoln did not really free the slaves, he was shrewd enough to recognize that the only hope of winning the civil war resided in pre-aiding the opportunity for black people to fight for their own freedom.”
Happy President’s day, ya’ll!
i remember our seventh grade teacher told us this and i was like holy shit
This is super important to remember but we should also note that:
1) some enslaved people in border states were freed in light of the Emancipation Proclamation, because slaveholders in the border states either misinterpreted the proclamation or saw where it was all headed.
2) Last year’s Lincoln Prize winner, Jim Oakes’s Freedom National, argues that the real impact of the Emancipation Proclamation is not the traditional narrative of the freeing of all slaves, but the part that allows them to serve in the military. That is the recognition of agency on Lincoln’s part, and sets up an ongoing discussion about acceptance of ex-slaves as citizens (for those in the North.)
Abraham Lincoln Wrote a Brief Autobiography
(The photograph above was taken in Chicago, IL in October 1859 by Samuel Fassett. The image is courtesy of The Library of Congress.)
To celebrate the 205th birthday of Abraham Lincoln, we thought we would share an autobiography Mr. Lincoln wrote for businessman Jesse Fell in December of 1859. The autobiography was used for an article that would appear in the West Chester, Pennsylvania newspaper, the Chester County Times, on February 11, 1860.
I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families—-second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks, some of whom now reside in Adams, and others in Macon counties, Illinois. My paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham County, Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 2, where, a year or two later, he was killed by indians, not in battle, but by stealth, when [where?] he was laboring to open a farm in the forest. His ancestors, who were quakers, went to Virginia from Berks County, Pennsylvania. An effort to identify them with the New-England family of the same name ended in nothing more definite, than a similarity of Christian names in both families, such as Enoch, Levi, Mordecai, Solomon, Abraham, and the like.
My father, at the death of his father, was but six years of age; and he grew up, litterally without education. He removed from Kentucky to what is now Spencer county, Indiana, in my eighth year. We reached our new home about the time the State came into the Union. It was a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew up. There were some schools, so called; but no qualification was ever required of a teacher, beyond “readin, writin, and cipherin,” to the Rule of Three. If a straggler supposed to understand latin, happened to so-journ in the neighborhood, he was looked upon as a wizzard. There was absolutely nothing to excite ambition for education. Of course when I came of age I did not know much. Still somehow, I could read, write, and cipher to the Rule of Three; but that was all. I have not been to school since. The little advance I now have upon this store of education, I have picked up from time to time under the pressure of necessity.
I was raised to farm work, which I continued till I was twenty two. At twenty one I came to Illinois, and passed the first year in Macon county. Then I got to New-Salem (at that time in Sangamon, now in Menard county, where I remained a year as a sort of Clerk in a store. Then came the Black-Hawk war; and I was elected a Captain of Volunteers—-a success which gave me more pleasure than any I have had since. I went the campaign, was elated, ran for the Legislature the same year (1832) and was beaten—-the only time I ever have been beaten by the people. The next, and three succeeding biennial elections, I was elected to the Legislature. I was not a candidate afterwards. During this Legislative period I had studied law, and removed to Springfield to practice it. In 1846 I was once elected to the lower House of Congress. Was not a candidate for re-election. From 1849 to 1854, both inclusive, practiced law more assiduously than ever before. Always a whig in politics, and generally on the whig electoral tickets, making active canvasses. I was losing interest in politics, when the repeal of the Missouri Compromise aroused me again. What I have done since then is pretty well known.
If any personal description of me is thought desirable, it may be said, I am, in height, six feet, four inches, nearly; lean in flesh, weighing, on an average, one hundred and eighty pounds; dark complexion, with coarse black hair, and grey eyes—-no other marks or brands recollected.
"Photograph of a color guard of black children holding flags and a wreath at the entrance to the Lincoln Memorial., 02/12/1947"
Abbie Rowe, photographer. From the series: Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman
Photo from a ceremony commemorating Abraham Lincoln’s birthday at the Lincoln Memorial in 1947.
Abraham Lincoln, congressman, patent holder, and sixteenth President of the United States was born 205 years ago on February 12, 1809.
All images from the series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes.
February 4, 1861: The Confederate States of America is formed.
In November of 1860, Abraham Lincoln, a one-term U.S. representative and candidate for the newly-formed Republican Party, was elected President of the United States with just under 40% of the popular vote. Rather than remain in a union whose president had won the election with a party promising “free labor, free land, free men”, seven southern slaveholding states seceded. The first was South Carolina, birthplace of John C. Calhoun and historical hotbed of states’ rights sentiment, and the last of the original seven was Texas, which seceded in February, a little over a month before Lincoln took office.
Six delegates convened in Montgomery, Alabama in the chambers of the state senate on February 4, 1861. Their first meeting marked the founding of the Confederate States of America, and in the coming months the Montgomery Convention drafted a Constitution and appointed former Secretary of War and veteran congressman Jefferson Davis president opposite the comparatively inexperienced Abraham Lincoln. In his Cornerstone Speech (March 21, 1861), the Confederate States’ vice president Alexander Stephens asserted that “our peculiar institution African slavery" was the "immediate cause of the late rupture and present revolution”. He also declared that the founding principle of the new Confederate state, for which hundreds of thousands of lives would soon be spent, should be the principle of black racial inferiority:
Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner- stone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery subordination to the superior race is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.
We are in the shit now.
Lincoln Daguerreotype 1854
A ninth-plate copy tintype of the lost Polycarpus Von Schneidau daguerreotype of Lincoln, taken in Chicago in 1854, was listed on eBay with a Buy-It-Now price of $22,000.
Source: The Rail Splitter
"Score" means "20"
So “four score” means ” 4 20”
Basically I had inadvertedly told America to blaze it.
It meams eighty. Four TIMES twenty
Thank you so much. I never would have known the meaning of my own speech were it not for your briliant imput.